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Maxine Mueller Ceramic Tile November 08th, 2019 - 12:45:19
There are three main types of floors (or subfloors) that you might encounter when starting on your ceramic tile installation: a. A concrete floor - Working ceramic tiles over a concrete subfloor is the most ideal but you have to check and clean it of debris before you start. All the cracks and holes need to be repaired and filled in before your ceramic tile installation can start. Once your start working on your project each of your ceramic individual tiles will be bonded directly to the concrete floor. If the cracks widen this will affect your tiles as well.
Your plywood floor has to be at least 1 1/8 inch thick and supported by an equally strong underlayment beneath it. Ceramic tiles are heavy and would need a subfloor that can support their combined weight. And they will become dislodged or even break. Otherwise it would be unwise to do a ceramic tile installation on wood. c. An existing ceramic tile floor. Ceramic tile floors would more often than not require the new room occupant to remodel. There are two options for remodeling an existing tile floor: One leave the tile floor in place and work your ceramic tile installation directly over it; or two remove the old tiles.
For removing these elements equipments such as sharp utility knife razor blade and grout saw with wooden or plastic handle can be used. Once the tiles are free of grout and caulk tapping can be done on the tiles to check whether any of the tiles is loose. If a loose tile is located then the rest of the tiles should come off easily. For removing the first tile gently apply a thin putty knife under the edge of the tile. To facilitate the insertion of knife under the tile a hammer can be used to tap the knifes handle. When the knife or blade is halfway beneath the tile it should be exerted gradually.
An additional consideration with flooring tiles is slickness. A glossy glaze on a floor is not recommended. A heavily textured glaze or a matte glaze is best. Outdoor use in cold climates demands high fired tiles and dependable glazes especially if on horizontal surfaces. Low fire and even porous tiles can be used outdoors in cold climates if on or in a vertical surface. But you are still better off with a frost proof tile in cold climates. Finally there is the issue of a ceramic tile being food-safe. Many decorative ceramic art tiles are used as serving trays for a variety of hot and cold foods and it is important that these not leach out chemicals.
Some cracks may even be that large that it would be best to replace the larger sections of your concrete floor rather than patching up all the cracks. If you have a lot of large cracks especially ones that run up the wall consult a specialist before your start working on your tiling project. b. A plywood subfloor. If youre moving into a second floor apartment most likely youre subfloor will be in plywood. Because you will be putting ceramic tiles over wood your plywoord subfloor has to be structurally sound and capable of supporting your ceramic tile installation.
For plywood subfloors be sure that the wood is at least 1 and 1/8 inches thick and is supported by an equally strong underlayment. Otherwise your ceramic tiles will dislodge easily or worse break and need replacing. Concrete floors are the most ideal subfloor surface to work with. But before you can start installing ceramic tile flooring over it it must be cleaned thoroughly. For dust and other debris sweep and then mop your concrete subfloor surface and allow it to dry completely. Smooth concrete surfaces must be rough sanded just like vinyl floors to allow the tiling mortar some grip.